Kenya drives sustainable transport agenda
Typically famous for its chaotic, traffic-clogged streets, downtown Nairobi is the scene of a number of pioneering experiments in electrified public transport. Beginning in February, Nairobi-based electrical car (EV) and finance firm BasiGo will pilot-test two electrical buses with public transport suppliers, providing a mannequin for a way Kenya can transfer in direction of an electrified and sustainable transport future.
The e-mobility startup, which launched in November final yr, plans to deliver over 1,000 electrical buses with 25 and 36 seat capacities to Kenya for buy by bus operators over the subsequent 5 years.
The buses are being sourced from BYD Auto, the biggest producer of electrical buses globally, and though the pilot buses had been imported fully-built, the eventual objective is for BasiGo buses to be domestically assembled.
“We’ve got partnered with two completely different public service car operators in Nairobi for our pilot programme,” says Jit Bhattacharya, CEO and co-founder of BasiGo.
“Following our pilot, we’ll provide electrical buses to all homeowners, financial savings and credit score co-operatives and firms at the moment working metropolis buses in Kenya. Up till now, diesel buses have been the one know-how possibility for bus operators in Nairobi. We wish to assist all PSV operators realise the financial and reliability advantages of electrical buses.”
BasiGo has thus far raised round $1m in pre-seed funding, which it would deploy to show the viability of the electrical bus mannequin.
“In parallel to the launch of our pilot, we can even take reservations for our first electrical bus gross sales completely for operators in Nairobi. These buses can be delivered to prospects by the top of the yr,” Bhattacharya provides.
BasiGo says bus homeowners should buy an electrical bus for a similar upfront value as an equal dimension diesel bus. Additionally they intend to enhance affordability via a financing mannequin that permits operators to pay for the battery and charging individually via a “pay-as-you-go” financing association.
“Bus homeowners will then pay BasiGo a ‘pay-as-you-drive’ subscription based mostly on the kilometres pushed every day. This subscription covers all charging and upkeep at BasiGo depots in addition to a lease of the e-bus battery,” says Bhattacharya.
The buses are designed to drive 250km on a single cost to permit them to function all day with out having to recharge. Operators will return the e-bus to a BasiGo-owned and operated charging depot each evening the place they can even obtain upkeep.
The corporate says it selected Kenya as their base as a result of the nation is a world chief in inexperienced power, with over 90% of all of the electrical energy generated by the nation coming from renewable sources akin to hydro, geothermal, photo voltaic and wind. Kenya Energy and Lighting Firm at the moment has a surplus of unpolluted, renewable power on the electrical energy grid, particularly at evening, making Nairobi a perfect location for the pilot undertaking.
Tackling air air pollution
Buses and privately owned minibuses often called matatus, which account for roughly 40% of all journeys in Nairobi, stay one of many main modes of transport in Kenya and lots of African cities.
However their diesel engines are a significant supply of city air air pollution, categorized by the World Well being Organisation as one of many greatest environmental threats to human well being, and are accountable for greenhouse fuel emissions contributing to local weather change.
In Kenya, the electrical buses might produce 95% much less CO2 emissions, provided that many of the nation’s electrical energy comes from renewable sources akin to hydropower and geothermal. The value of working a car – at the moment topic to the vagaries of the gas market – might change into extra predictable.
“For years, diesel-powered buses have been the one viable resolution for bus operators in Kenya. We’re excited to offer public transport operators with a brand new possibility: state-of-the-art electrical buses which can be extra inexpensive, extra dependable, and scale back bus operator publicity to the rising value of diesel gas,” says Bhattacharya.
As soon as established in Nairobi, BasiGo intends to make use of the information and expertise gained from Nairobi to develop and introduce electrical buses in different cities in East Africa.
An increasing market
BasiGo isn’t the primary EV supplier available in the market. Opibus, a Swedish-Kenyan EV producer, EkoRent Africa, a Finnish-Kenyan firm that operates a completely electrical taxi-hailing service, Ecotrify, an e-mobility infrastructure provider and installer, and Kiri EV, an electrical bike producer, are all introducing parallel schemes for electrical transport.
In December 2021, after efficiently finishing a pilot programme, Opibus partnered with Uber to deploy 3,000 electrical bikes for African drivers by 2022. Uber’s presence in 16 African cities will allow Opibus to speed up the mass adoption of EVs throughout the continent, the companions say.
“The objective of the collaboration with Opibus is to simplify the deployment of electrical bikes throughout Africa. This follows an settlement between the 2 events the place Opibus will provide 3,000 electrical bikes in 2022 to fulfill the demand from Uber’s,” the corporate introduced in December.
In keeping with Opibus, the Kenyan motorbike trade is the one largest employer, estimated to make use of over 1.2m younger Kenyans. There are over 1.6m bikes registered within the nation, with a mean of 16,500 models imported monthly.
Albin Wilson, Opibus’s chief technique and advertising officer, says Opibus has deployed 150 bikes on a pilot foundation to check the know-how and validate the undertaking.
“The bikes are being assembled in Nairobi, and are designed by native engineers for the African market,” he says. Opibus can be engaged on introducing electrical buses and Wilson says the agency will launch 10 buses for a industrial pilot this yr after which they may look to a wider rollout by 2023.
The EV producer has put in 10 AC chargers, and can be putting in extra quickly. The corporate has efficiently raised $7.5m which can be used to spice up manufacturing of bikes and buses.
In the meantime, EkoRent launched NopeaRide in 2018 in a bid to change into the “continent’s first 100% electrical taxi-hailing service”. It operates a rising fleet of EVs and charging stations throughout Nairobi, and plans to develop its NopeaRide fleet by as much as 100 EVs.
In 2021, the corporate obtained €200,000 from EEP Africa, an Austrian-backed financing facility to develop solar-powered charging stations in Nairobi for the taxi trade.