Cuba braces for unrest as playwright turned activist rallies protesters – •
Ed Agustín (The Guardian) studies on artists reminiscent of Cuban playwright Yunior García, who has turn into the face of Archipelago, a largely on-line opposition group which is planning a string of pro-democracy marches. Agustín writes that the Communist occasion has banned the deliberate marches, saying they’re an overthrow try.
The Cuban playwright Yunior García has shot to fame over the previous yr, however not due to his artwork. The 39-year outdated has turn into the face of Archipelago, a largely on-line opposition group which is planning a string of pro-democracy marches throughout the island on Monday.
The Communist occasion has banned the protests – which coincide with the reopening of the nation after 20 months of coronavirus lockdowns – arguing that they’re a US-backed try to overthrow the federal government.
García and different organisers say the protest is just to demand fundamental rights for all Cubans. Over syrupy black espresso and robust cigarettes in the lounge of his Havana house, García stated he hoped to channel the “peaceable rebelliousness” that he believes all Cubans have inside them. “I consider in a various nation and I believe we now have to utterly eliminate the one-party system which limits too many particular person rights,” he stated.
Such discuss is anathema to Cuba’s rulers who’re already struggling to include a simmering social disaster which earlier this yr triggered the biggest anti-government protests for many years.
Supercharged US sanctions, the coronavirus pandemic, a surge in social media use and a youthful technology hungry for change have left the Communist occasion reeling.The Biden administration has continued with Trump’s “most strain” coverage, which since 2017 has hammered the island with greater than 200 sanctions aimed toward choking exhausting foreign money inflows.
The end result has been an financial disaster that rivals the so-called Particular Interval, after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
“The Particular Interval was a bit of cake in comparison with this,” stated Umberto Molina, 71, ready in line outdoors a pharmacy. “There was drugs and also you didn’t have these unending queues.”
In July, mounting frustrations exploded on to the streets in an unprecedented rash of protests – and a hardening of positions. Cuban particular forces beat demonstrators and a whole lot have been imprisoned. Washington responded by imposing new sanctions.
“When the Cuban authorities feels extra threatened by the US, its tolerance for inner dissidence goes down,” stated William LeoGrande, professor of presidency at American College in Washington DC. “All governments, once they really feel underneath assault, turn into much less tolerant of inner opposition,” he added, pointing to the US Patriot Act following 9/11.
This week, the international minister, Bruno Rodríguez, vowed that the protests wouldn’t go forward. “We is not going to enable it,” he stated. “We’ll use our legal guidelines, our structure and the strictest adherence to the rules of our socialist state of regulation and social justice.”
On Thursday, García, stated that he would march in silence and holding a white rose on Sunday, however it was not clear if this amounted to a scaling again of Monday’s protests.
“We aren’t keen to have a single drop of blood spilled, on both aspect of this battle,” García stated in a Fb submit.
In his interview, García, 39, stated he was effectively conscious of the dangers he was dealing with.
“Historical past is full of people that have gone to jail for struggling for his or her rights,” García stated, providing José Martí, the Nineteenth-century Cuban mental and independence fighter, for instance.
Like Martí, García says he opposes “international interference” in Cuban affairs. However whereas Martí noticed the US as a “monster” to be stored at bay, García takes a distinct tack.
After he met with the top of the US embassy in Havana and a former US military captain, the Communist occasion launched video of the encounter, and labelled García a “political operative”.
García stated he mentioned censorship on the island and the US embargo (which he opposes), however he denied taking recommendation. No one in Archipelago, he stated, takes a lot as “a cent” from international governments.Tolerance of dissent on the island, which elevated underneath Obama years, is nosediving. Activists say greater than 600 are nonetheless in jail. [. . .]
For full article, see https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/nov/12/yunior-garcia-playwright-protest-cuba-government
[Yunior García, actor, playwright, and leader of Archipelago, an opposition group planning a string of pro-democracy marches across Cuba. Photograph: Alexandre Meneghini/Reuters.]